FSD intervenes typically in three different contexts:
a) During armed conflicts:
Humanitarian aid is often the only lifeline for thousands of people
struggling to survive. Professional delivery of humanitarian
assistance, access to aid recipients, and safety for aid workers are
essential prerequisites. FSD provides mine action expertise and
assistance to partner organisations and other humanitarian actors as
emergency humanitarian operations are planned an implemented.
b) During the transitional and recovery phase after an armed conflict:
A priority for governments and non-state actors emerging from
violent conflict is to build confidence so that peace can be sustained.
This means that national authorities and aid agencies need to
repatriate refugees and to extend humanitarian assistance and
government services into former conflict areas.
Landmines and other explosive remnants of war often hamper the mobility
of government officials, politicians, election officials, returnees,
and relief and development agency personnel. Landmines obstruct the
peace-building stages of post-war societies and thereby exacerbate the
threat of a return to violent conflict.
National elections are another important factor in reconciling
post-conflict countries. Governments need legitimacy and want as many
voters as possible to show up at voting centres. Many voters, however,
can only participate once they have safe access to voting centres.
c) During development phases:
Landmines and other explosive remnants of war continue to threaten,
maim and kill indiscriminately long after hostilities have ended.
Landmines impede post-conflict reconstruction and economic development.
Mine clearance is required before fields can be planted, drinking water
can be made available, and schools can be built.